Israel and Saudi Arabia are moving closer to a US-brokered deal to normalize relations after decades of hostility, as announced by the White House last Friday. Political observer Fareed Zakaria has noted potential complications that could derail the negotiations. However, if a deal materializes, it would align the Middle East’s strongest military and most technologically advanced power with the region’s leading economic force, which remains the primary supplier of the world’s oil. This would mark a significant victory for Washington.
Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince and de facto ruler, Muhammad bin Salman, has previously mentioned that Riyadh and Jerusalem are drawing nearer, a sentiment echoed by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
US National Security Council spokesman John Kirby stated that all stakeholders have established a fundamental framework. However, as with any intricate arrangement, compromises will be necessary.
In exchange for normalizing relations with Israel, Saudi Arabia has sought security guarantees, including a potential treaty with the United States.
Washington is continuing its efforts to enhance relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, and Morocco.
This deal could herald a substantial shift in Middle East geopolitics. Palestinians have cautioned that they must be considered in any agreement, emphasizing that a two-state solution is essential for peace in the Middle East.